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What Causes A Bunion?

Constrained footwear or standing for long periods may aggravate or accelerate your condition, however, these are not the cause of your bunion.

There is a common misconception that bunions are caused by shoes; they aren’t. They are just aggravated by them.

So you have a bunion. Don’t be embarrassed. Did you know that around a quarter of the population has them? So, you are definitely not alone. While constrained footwear or standing for long periods may aggravate or accelerate your condition, your bunion is more likely caused by:

Genetic Predisposition

Bunions tend to run in families because they are most commonly caused by hereditary defects in the foot, resulting in a weak mechanical structure. So, whereas you might have inherited your mother’s good sense of humor and beautiful smile, you might also (eek!) inherit her bunions.

Biomechanical Imbalance

Bunions are often caused by imbalances of the foot’s anatomical structure. Any changes in weight or structure can cause your foot bones to adjust and move to constantly work to keep our bodies balanced. Life experiences such as childbearing or having our feet expand as we age can act as a bunion catalyst. Whenever the bones of our foot get out of alignment, trouble can start.

What About High Heels?

It’s a myth that wearing high heels or pointy shoes that crowd toes actually cause bunions. However if you were born with any tendency toward mechanical imbalances, these types of shoes push the foot’s bones into unnatural shapes, aggravating the condition and causing symptoms to appear earlier in life.

Certain occupations may aggravate the condition

Source: WebMD website and American College of Foot & Ankle Surgeons (ACFAS) Website

The Prevalence of Bunions

Source: Nix S, et al. J Foot Ankle Res. 2010. 27:3:21.

of people aged 18 to 65 have bunions.

of people older than 65 have bunions.

Your Questions, Answered

Do High Heels Cause Bunions?

Hear from Dr. Robert Santrock.

Take the Short Quiz

Am I a Candidate?

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Begin Quiz
Nicole, Lapiplasty® Patient
1 of 3

Select the image below that best describes the bunion on your big toe.

A mild bunion is a small but noticeable bump at the base of the big toe and a big toe that starts to lean toward the 2nd toe.
A moderate bunion is a substantial bump at the base of the big toe and a big toe that leans toward the 2nd toe.
A severe bunion is a large bump at the base of the big toe and a big toe crosses over the 2nd toe.
A normal foot does not have a bump at the base of the big toe or a big toe that leans toward the 2nd toe.
Please supply an answer
2 of 3

Select the image(s) below that describe other issues with your feet.

A bunionette (or Tailor’s bunion) is a bump at the base of your little toe. It’s possible that bunionettes can be treated during the same surgery as Lapiplasty® 3D Bunion Correction™.
A hammertoe is an abnormal bend in the middle joint of your toes. It’s possible that hammertoes can be treated during the same surgery as Lapiplasty® 3D Bunion Correction™.
Arthritis occurs when the cartilage at your big toe joint (1st metatarsophalangeal or MTP joint) breaks down, causing pain and stiffness. The Lapiplasty® implants are indicated for MTP fusion, which can be appropriate for advanced big toe arthritis.
Diabetes is a disease that affects how your body uses blood sugar. Diabetic patients with controlled blood sugar levels may still be candidates for Lapiplasty® 3D Bunion Correction™.
None of these issues.
Please supply an answer
3 of 3

Have you had bunion surgery before?

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What type of insurance do you have?

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What is the patient’s age?

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Enter your information to receive your results.

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You may be a candidate for Lapiplasty® 3D Bunion Correction™. Check your inbox for more information.

*The “Am I a Candidate” assessment should only be completed by patients over the age of 18 or by a parent/legal guardian. This assessment is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Only a trained Lapiplasty® doctor can determine if you are an appropriate candidate for Lapiplasty® 3D Bunion Correction™. Please consult with your doctor to determine if Lapiplasty® 3D Bunion Correction™ is right for your specific condition. Lapiplasty® 3D Bunion Correction™ is indicated for patients 12 years of age and older. As with any medical treatment there are risks and recovery takes time. For a complete list of risks, see the Patient Risk Information For Information about how we handle your information please see our Privacy Policy and California Privacy Policy.

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As a medical device manufacturer, Treace Medical Concepts, Inc. cannot provide any opinions or other medical advice to patients. For medical advice please contact your doctor.